Organic fertilizer is a natural fertilizer. Which is obtained from natural sources.
Since ancient times, organic farming is being done with the help of organic fertilizers, but today’s people’s greed and hunger for money have made agriculture away from organic fertilizers. The operation of organic fertilizers has been going on for centuries. Organic fertilizer is called the remains of fossils, in which a large amount of nitrogen is found, which plays an important role in the growth of plants and helps in the stabilization of phosphorus and nitrogen in the soil. The age of our ancestors used to be about 100 to 120 years and they did not even suffer from diseases, but the age of today’s people is only 60 to 70 years, but in today’s time, there is not a single person left who does not suffer from any disease. Do not have any type of disease. The biggest reason for this is the use of medicines and pesticides in the field of agriculture.
You will get complete information about organic fertilizers in this blog.
What is Organic Fertilizer?
Organic fertilizer is known by the names organic manure, biological fertilizer, organic fertilizer, compost, etc. because organic fertilizer is made from the waste materials of fossils and plants through natural processes. Organic fertilizer is a natural fertilizer which is obtained with the help of biological resources. Organic fertilizer is obtained from nature, due to which its use does not harm nature. Organic fertilizers are obtained from the excreta and urine of animals and trees and plants present in nature.
Types of Organic Fertilizer
It is not that organic fertilizers are made only by nature, now they are also made artificially. Which are of the following types :-
- Cow dung manure
- Green manure
Detailed description of types of organic fertilizers and their manufacturing.
1.Cow dung manure
As its name suggests, this fertilizer is made from the feces and urine of animals. It contains Nitrogen 0.5 to 1.5 percent, Potassium 0.15 to 0.5 percent, Phosphorus 0.05 to 0.2 percent, Calcium 0.1 to 0.5 percent, Magnesium 0.05 to 0.2 percent, Sulfur 0.05 to 0.3 percent which provides strength to the growth and health of plants. At the same time it fulfills the deficiency of soil fertility and nutrients. Dung manure is an important part of organic manure.
How to make
To make cow dung fertilizer, first of all take fresh cow or buffalo dung and mix it well with water. For this you can also use plastic bucket or drum. To make manure, always leave the cow dung in a cool and dry place. After the process of fermentation for a few weeks, compost will be ready, which you can put in your crops and plants.
1. Green manure
Green manure is also a part of organic manure. The manure obtained from trees and plants is called green manure. This is a type of plant fertilizer. It may contain nitrogen 2 to 5 percent, potassium 1 to 2 percent, phosphorus 1 to 3 percent, calcium 0.5 to 1 percent, magnesium 0.2 to 0.5 percent, sulfur 0.2 to 0.5 percent. There is no special method to make it. 30 to 35 days before sowing of the crop, grow green manure crops like Sanai, Dacha, Guar, Moong and Cowpea in the field and plow them in the soil when they are still soft. is merged. Which improves the physical, chemical and biological condition of the soil after decomposition. It is believed that the soil gets 75 to 150 kg of nitrogen per hectare by the use of green manure. Its use increases air circulation and availability of nutrients in the soil.
Compost is also a type of organic fertilizer which is made from dry leaves, cow dung and food waste. Compost manure is both organic and inorganic manure. Nitrogen (N), potassium (K), phosphorus (P), calcium (Ca), magnesium (Mg), sulfur (S) and various micronutrients are found in this fertilizer. Which increase the fertilizer power in the soil.
How to make
To make compost, we put cowdung, dry leaves, grass, etc. in a pit. Keep adding water as per requirement. In between, a layer of soil is added and cow dung and waste material is added. It takes several months to prepare it. It is made mostly in rural areas.
Vermicompost is also an organic fertilizer which is made by insects. It is made from animal dung. In this, the help of a special type of insect is taken, whose name is Kechua. That’s why earthworm is called friend of farmers. In earlier times, earthworms were seen in large quantities during the rainy season, but in today’s time they are seen in very small quantities, which is the biggest reason. Use of pesticides in agriculture. The use of vermi compost does not cause any harm to the environment. Nitrogen, phosphorus, magnesium and other nutrients are found in very good quantities in vermicompost, which are very important for crops and plants.
Methods of making vermi compost
The most important ingredients for making vermi compost are cow dung and earthworms. You can easily get cow dung in the village but for earthworms you will have to go to your nearest Krishi Vigyan Kendra. There are many methods to make it which are as follows –
- Bed Method
- Pit method
- Plastic or Tatiya Method
1. Bed Method
If you want to make vermicompost by this method, then first of all you have to choose a place where water does not accumulate. Then you have to make a bed of animal dung. For vermi compost, you need about 1 pound of earthworms in one bed, in which about 700 to 1000 earthworms will be found. After adding earthworms to the bed, you should put straw or dry grass on top of the bed, so that the bed always remains moist. If the humidity decreases, you may need to add water in between. When the cow dung becomes crumbly, black brown and odorless, you will know that your organic fertilizer is ready. After this, filter it through a sieve and store it for your own use. You can also earn profit by selling it.
2. Pit method
To make organic manure by this method, beds made of cement are required. In which earthworms are added to the dung of animals, which in some 6 to 10 months eat it and convert it into manure. In this, note that the beds should not be filled with water and the moisture should also remain intact. Along with cow dung, wet garbage can also be mixed in it. When the manure becomes brown, filter it well with the help of a sieve. Use it in your agricultural work and pots and gardening, which will yield more nutritious crops and vegetables.
3. Plastic or Tatiya Method
To make organic fertilizer by this method, you will need a plastic bag or a strong sack. You can easily get plastic bags online. For this, you have to choose a place where there is always moisture, then fill it with animal dung and put earthworms in it. After putting the earthworms, leave it for a few months. When the smell stops coming from it and it starts looking like tea leaves, then understand that your compost is ready. Now filter it with the help of a sieve and use it.
Benefits of organic fertilizer
In today’s time, people will know about the benefits of chemical fertilizers but will not know about the benefits of organic farming. If there was knowledge, today we all would not have to eat crops and vegetables produced by the use of medicines. The use of organic fertilizers increases the fertilizer capacity of the land, due to which production also increases and we will continue to get nutritious food. The world’s biggest problem environmental pollution can be controlled by the use of organic fertilizers. Organic fertilizers are used in agriculture to improve the quality of the soil, improve the microbiome of the soil and provide nutrition to the plants, as well as increase the water holding capacity of the land. Farmers will not require much investment in doing organic farming. In Corona tomorrow, people who were looking for immunity rich food will already get it.
Disadvantages of organic fertilizer
Whatever has benefits, it also has disadvantages somewhere, such as organic farming can reduce the yield of crops, germs and diseases can increase. Organic farming requires more labor and also takes more time. It takes very little time to go from organic farming to chemical farming but it takes a lot of time to go from chemical farming to organic farming due to which people prefer to do it less. Chemical fertilizers are easily available in the markets, but organic fertilizers are not available in large quantities.
How to do Organic Farming
If you want to do organic farming, then do animal husbandry, which will double your profit. In this, you can make milk products as well as fertilizers, but you can read less expensive and hard work in this. You can also make and sell manure, which will give you more profit. You can get good profit from it with low cost.
Organic Fertilizer Price
If you buy or sell organic manure from the market, you can get it at around Rs.10 per kg. You will also get this fertilizer easily on any online shopping app, if you can easily take care of your garden and farm by sitting at home.
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